D1.2 Analysis of the current preventive activities

D1.2 Analysis of the current preventive activities

Lead beneficiary: Crisis Management Centre Finland (CMC Finland)

Delivery date: M6

Revision: 6.0

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Executive Summary:

The purpose of the report “Analysis of current preventive activities of the EU” is to complement the Deliverable 1.1 of the “Improving Effectiveness of Capabilities of EU Conflict Prevention

(IECEU) project and to present the current activities of the EU in conflict prevention – the preventive activities that the EU employs as part of its response to international conflicts and crises. In addition, in relation to improving the utilisation of EU conflict prevention capabilities and activities, the report will introduce the concept of pooling and sharing within the EU.

The report is based on the review of existing literature and research on the current conflict prevention activities by the EU, including pooling and sharing of capabilities within the EU. The analysis deriving from this desk study phase is complemented with the findings of two online surveys, in which EU officials, member state representatives and members of the academia/think tanks expressed their perceptions of the EU conflict prevention activities and the other on pooling and sharing within the EU.

The current preventive activities of the EU can be categorised as representing structural, longterm, conflict prevention and operational, short-term conflict prevention. The current preventive activities of the EU can be outlined as including, but not limiting to: Early warning and conflict assessments,   diplomatic measures, mediation, demarches, statements, as well as activities conducted as part of the Common Foreign and Security Policy such as the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations. Whilst CSDP actions are but one although visible part of the EU’s conflict prevention activities, the conduct of CSDP missions, as well as role as a tool of EU conflict prevention, could be further developed for instance by providing them a clearer mandate and improving their coherence as part of overall EU contribution.

One possibility to improve the activities of the EU in conflict prevention is to foster the practice and concept of pooling and sharing which aims to improve the availability of EU capabilities. First and foremost, pooling and sharing applies to defence cooperation in which context considerations around national sovereignty – or the loss thereof – have been the key constraint for its proper application. Utilising the principle could be expanded also to the context of civilian crisis management and conflict prevention where, inter alia, training and recruitment of personnel and logistics have been identified as potential areas that could benefit from pooling and sharing of capabilities.