D6.1 Standardisation review
Lead beneficiary: Enquirya
Delivery date: M14
This report provides an overall picture of current capabilities, more specifically pooling and sharing, within European Union crisis management and conflict prevention. To extend the discussion to include civilian missions as well as military operations, where pooling and sharing is more typically used, pooling and sharing practices are considered to be examples of institutionalised cooperation between states or other institutions, where capabilities/assets are shared, either in a bilateral, multinational and supranational context.
Based on the methodological framework of the project complemented with a political risk analysis when engaging in pooling and sharing, the report looks at basic activities with increasing risk levels, i.e. training and maintenance, procurement and research and development, operations and strategy and common capabilities.
Chapter 2. details the CSDP-missions and operations related EU training initiatives. These are carried out by a number of different institutions and provide common standards, based on common curricula. The training initiatives also create a common organisational culture for EU member states representatives to work in missions and operations. However, there is also potential for development in terms of joint-standard setting, joint-curricula and certification.
Chapter 3. looks at common procurement and points to its importance in the development of common capabilities for crisis management and CSDP-missions and operations. The work of the EDA is paramount in building common capabilities, based on agreed standards, as this ensures interoperability and support pooling and sharing. Standard-setting between member states is also necessary for joint-procurement, as differences in standards can lead to large discrepancies in estimations of what level of procurement is necessary and what recourses are factually needed. By taking one specific example, medical support, an analysis is made of how the process of common capability building works in practice.
Chapter 4. analyses and compares the material on pooling and sharing practices collected by the twelve case study reports on CSDP-missions and operations in the Balkans, Africa, Middle East and Asia. It found examples such as transfer of staff, mission support, standard operational procedures and common warehousing, and sharing knowledge. However, in contrast to the cost effectiveness that pooling and sharing provides as well as other potential benefits in terms of creating better cooperation, strengthening joint operating cultures, forging stronger links between individuals and organisations, this deliverable found surprisingly few examples of pooling and sharing at CSDP-mission level.
The final chapter looks at strategy and shared capabilities and concludes that currently within the CSDP-missions, the pooling and sharing of common capabilities is not frequent. It examines possibilities of creating a more conducive environment for pooling and sharing as well as some relatively easily applicable mechanisms that would strengthen current pooling and sharing, including development of a system or roster of pre-committed capabilities from the member states, which include personnel, equipment and functions such as medical support.