Lead beneficiary: University of Ljubljana
Delivery date: 31/7/2016
The main objective of this deliverable (D2.5 – Conclusion report) is to provide an assessment of the current state of three security institutions – the Kosovo police, the Kosovo Customs and the Armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) – that benefited from two CSDP missions/operations in the Balkans (EULEX Kosovo and EUFOR Althea), and evaluate the impact of the EU engagement in these regards. According to the Grant Agreement, the report is based on the earlier research conducted within Working Package 2 ‘The Balkans’ (WP2), in particular the two desk studies (D2.1 – Kosovo review: desk study; D2.2 – BiH review: desk study), the Round table discussion of experts (D2.4), and the interviews conducted during the research trips of IECEU consortium researchers to Kosovo and BiH (completed in February and March 2016 in the framework of D2.3: Primary field research and analysis: study report).
The main contribution of this report, which finalises and rounds up the WP2, are the identified lessons, best practices and recommendations pertaining not only to EULEX and EUFOR Althea, but also to CSDP in general. As stipulated in the Grant Agreement, the intention of such an approach, which is founded on extensive primary research, is two-fold: first, to provide the argumentative deliberations for future action with regard to the eventual modifications in EULEX and EUFOR Althea (implementation in practice), and second, to serve as a point of departure for the work in the subsequent Working Packages of IECEU project (WP5, WP6, WP7).
At this point, it seems necessary to mention the main limitation; namely that this report does not represent an overall assessment of EULEX, as it does not focus on judiciary, but analyses only the role of EULEX in the reform of the Kosovo police and Kosovo customs, as intended by the Grant Agreement.
In order to make this report as succinct as possible, one should not expect this conclusion report to address the effectiveness of EULEX and EUFOR Althea through the lens of four effectiveness criteria (established in D1.4 – Success Indicators) in detail, nor does the report explore the six capabilities established in the Conceptual framework (D1.5) extensively, as all these topics have been thoroughly analysed in the Study Report (D2.3). Hence, this report should be read conclusively with the previous work done in WP2. However, it should be noted that the researchers contributing to this report made use of the earlier findings, so as that the lessons learned and recommendations are founded on credible argumentation. Last, but not least, as the research of CSDP missions and operations done by the IECEU consortium is by no means the only research pursed currently or in the last couple of years – on the contrary, these topics attracted significant amount of excellent research – the final chapters of the IECEU research make reference to the existing knowledge and connect IECEU findings to what has already been done, thus putting the findings of the consortium into a wider perspective.